Vestibular reflexes of otolith origin
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Vestibular reflexes of otolith origin final technical report, April 1, 1979 - December 31, 1987 by Victor Joseph Wilson

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Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Motion sickness.,
  • Otolith organs.,
  • Posture.,
  • Vestibular tests.

Book details:

Edition Notes

StatementVictor J. Wilson, N.G. Daunton.
SeriesNASA contractor report -- NASA CR-183309.
ContributionsDaunton, N. G., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15406518M

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Buy Vestibular Reflexes of Otolith Origin by Nasa, National Aeronautics and Space Adm online on at best prices. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on Author: National Aeronautics and Space Adm Nasa. We used galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) to identify human balance reflexes of the semicircular canals and otolith organs. The experiment used a model of vestibular signals arising from GVS modulation of the net signal from vestibular by: ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xxvi, pages: illustrations ; 26 cm: Contents: Fundamentals of function. Anatomy and physiology of the normal vestibular system / Vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation / Role of the vestibular system in postural control / Postural abnormalities in vestibular disorders / Fundamentals of disfunction / Vestibular system. This chapter examined the functional properties and neural substrates of a key vestibulospinal reflex—the vestibular-neck or vestibulocollic reflex (VCR). Functionally, the VCR is a dynamic stabilizing system that shapes head movements, particularly in the critical 1–3 Hz range where the head-neck system exhibits resonant instability.

  The vestibular system. The vestibular system is a set of sensory end organs housed in the temporal bone. It encompasses five end organs on each side, including three semicircular canals encoding rotational movements and two otolith organs encoding gravity and linear acceleration.   The otolith-ocular reflex in patients with episodic lateral tilt sensation without any other vestibular symptoms was assessed using ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP). Ten patients (6 men and 4 women, mean age = ) were enrolled. All . Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) provide a simple and cost-effective means to assess the patency of vestibular reflexes. VEMP testing constitutes a core screening method in a clinical. mediate postural reflexes; and to the thalamus, which projects to the postcentral gyrus. B. Vestibular ocular reflexes (VOR) are mediated by vestibular nuclei, MLF, ocular motor nuclei and CN III, IV and VI. The purpose of the VOR is to maintain foveation during head movement - e.g., to.

  The structure of the otolith organs makes them especially sensitive to movements like linear acceleration and head tilts. The vestibular system uses this information about movement obtained via the semicircular canals and otolith organs to maintain balance, stability, and posture; one way it does this is through its involvement in reflex actions. Sarah Baxendale, Tanya T. Whitfield, in Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems, Otoliths. The otoliths are biomineralized ear stones that contribute to both hearing and vestibular function in fish. In response to sound or movement, the inertia of the otolith relative to the body tissue of the fish creates a shearing force on the underlying sensory epithelium, resulting in.   Otolith dysfunction (saccule and/or utricle) may then produce non-typical symptoms, which may still be indicative of peripheral vestibular system damage such as: tilting, pushing/pulling, or rocking sensations due to their contribution in sensing linear acceleration, postural control, and head tilt. Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are short-latency, otolith-dependent reflexes recorded from the neck and eye muscles. They are widely used in neuro-otology clinics as tests of.